Svalbard: guide to visiting this Arctic wilderness

Danik the Explorer

First off, where is Svalbard? That is a question I get asked quite often and often I just say it’s near the North Pole. Well, it is kinda when looking at a map. Svalbard is a group of islands which lies 650 miles (1050 kilometers) from the North Pole and 526 miles (846 kilometers) from Nordkapp, the northernmost point on mainland Norway. Svalbard isn’t a country, no country claims the land however Norway does administrate the rules and laws here. Most visitors (like myself) head to the main settlement of Longyearbyen which is located near the northernmost airport in the world. From there, tours can be booked and visitors do venture out to the other parts of the island. I was fortunate to come here in the twenty-four daylight one summer and not only have I been here once, I have been here twice! The other time was one winter when I got to experience the twenty-four hour darkness. That’s how far up in the world Svalbard is. This is my guide on what to do while checking out Svalbard.

Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway, Arctic
On my winter trip, this was the last time I saw the sun ray’s from the plane from Norway to Svalbard. It was 24 hour darkness after seeing this.

How to get to Svalbard

Well, there are two ways. One is to get on a cruise which is doing an Arctic tour (usually combined with mainland Norway and possibly Faroe Islands and Iceland). The other way is by plane and the only two destinations Svalbard airport (also known as Longyear) where planes fly to are Oslo and Tromsø on the mainland. The airport is located 5km (3.1 miles) west of the main settlement of Longyearbyen and most passengers either grab a taxi into town or catch the public bus (public bus usually drops and picks up passengers from the hotels in town). The two airlines which serve the airport are SAS and Norwegian

Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway, Arctic Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway, Arctic

Accommodation

Svalbard is getting popular with tourism over the last decade however there is only a certain amount of hotels and rooms in the settlement. Radisson Blu Polar Hotel, Spitsbergen Hotel, Gjestehuset 102, Hotel Svalbard – The Vault are a few of the hotels on offer. On my summer visit however (as we were on a budget at the time), we stayed at Mary-Ann’s Polarrigg down near the seafront. The hotel consists of a courtyard surrounded by three buildings, all named after rigs (as the buildings were used as a miners barracks). There is the luxury rig, the transportation rig and the mining rig. Olga and I managed to get a stay in a double room (as it was a last minute deal for us and tourism is at its highest in Longyearbyen during the summer months so book ahead). The hotel also has the Vinterhagen restaurant. We had a very comfortable stay here and was an ideal base from all the facilities in town (supermarket, other shops, bars and restaurants are about five-ten minute walk away). 

To book a stay here, contact the hotels directly on the links above. For UK citizens, I am a travel agent as well and can book a stay here for you. All my details can be found here. From outside the UK, please use my booking.com search bar on the right hand side of the page.

Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway, Arctic
Breakfast at Mary-Ann’s Polarigg

What to do and see in Svalbard

I start off with the tours I did which were mainly done outside the settlement of Longyearbyen. As a visitor, you must be with a tour guide or someone who knows the land outside the settlement. They will look after you as they will probably have a gun to protect you from polar bears. Yes, Svalbard is that high up the main problem when leaving the settlement is those beautiful cuddly white creatures who blend into the snowy background very well. Even though not many cases of polar bear sightings have been recorded near Longyearbyen, bears still come down here now and again. On the rest of the island, there maybe a chance of bumping into one. So, if you are looking to leave Longyearbyen, the best way to do this is with a tour company, which all the information can be found here. 

Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway, Arctic

The first tour Olga and I did was the hike to Foxfonna glacier, then onwards towards Foxdalen before having lunch in a trappers cabin. We continued our hike through a valley surrounded by mountains and by the end of the day we walked around 11km. Hiking boats and warm clothes are needed and we had lunch with drinks included. There are no roads to walk on, it’s all off-road and on mountainous terrain.

Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway, Arctic Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway, Arctic
Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway, Arctic Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway, Arctic
Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway, Arctic Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway, Arctic
Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway, Arctic Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway, Arctic
Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway, Arctic Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway, Arctic
The second tour we did was a Fjord cruise towards the Esmark Glacier through the Isfjorden before heading to the Russian settlement of Barentsburg where everyone on the boat was met by a Russian-English speaking guide to show us around the settlement. There are two Russian settlements in Svalbard, Barentsburg and Pyramiden (which we didn’t get the chance to see whilst here. It was left abandoned by the Russians in the 1990s and everything is left the way it was). There are around 500 people living in Barentsburg to which most people work in the mining industry. Russia still maintains mining operations here thanks to the Svalbard Treaty which dates back to 1920. As mentioned earlier, Svalbard is not a country but is under Norwegian sovereignty but the treaty allows citizens of the signatory countries equal rights to grab natural resources, so Russia and a few Polish people are based on the island having fun digging that coal).

Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway, Arctic Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway, Arctic
Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway, Arctic Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway, Arctic
Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway, Arctic Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway, Arctic
Whilst in Barentsburg we saw the northernmost consulate in the world (which belongs to Russia) but the settlement maintains Norwegian phone numbers and mail addresses. Also here is the northernmost Orthodox church in the world as well as an old fashioned Lenin statue.   

Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway, Arctic Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway, Arctic Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway, Arctic
Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway, Arctic Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway, Arctic
Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway, Arctic Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway, Arctic
On the return to Longyearbyen the cruise passes the area known as Grumant and we checked out many birds who love the cliffs. Also I found railway tracks hanging over a cliff edge which was used when coal mining was really popular. They are the world’s northernmost railway tracks, however they are disused. 

Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway, Arctic
World’s northernmost railway tracks, disused and hanging out to sea.

What to see and do in Longyearbyen itself

Longyearbyen was founded in 1907 (however the area was used for various projects for over ten years previous) and started out life by being called Longyear City until the 1920s. Starting out as a mining community, the settlement (as well as Svalbard) is now known for its tourism as well as scientific research in the Arctic. As well as being based here to take on the tours elsewhere in Svalbard, the settlement has quite a few things to do and see.

Also check out my friend Steve Bigg’s guest post on Svalbard on his website here.

Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway, Arctic
Longyearbyen in the Polar Night
Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway, Arctic
Longyearbyen in the Polar Night
Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway, Arctic
Longyearbyen in the Polar Night
Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway, Arctic
Longyearbyen in the Polar Night
Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway, Arctic
Longyearbyen in the Polar Night
Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway, Arctic
Longyearbyen in the Polar Night
Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway, Arctic
Longyearbyen in the Polar Night
Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway, Arctic
Longyearbyen in the Polar Night

To get a great sense of the cultural and natural history of Svalbard, we totally recommend heading to the Svalbard Museum which is an excellent exhibition where information and displays are clearly presented and easy to follow. There are also a lot of models, artifacts and reconstructed environments to check out. There is also the Life in Light and Ice exhibition to have a look at which shows visitors an excellent journey through the history of Svalbard from the 17th century when the first whalers came to the area. Since then a lot of trappers from Norway, arctic expeditions have come through to extract the lands for minerals to the present day on tourism, research and modern day mining.

Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway, Arctic Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway, Arctic
Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway, Arctic Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway, Arctic
To the west of the settlement perched up on a small hill is Svalbard Church, the northernmost church in the world and is open twenty-four hours a day. On my second visit here in the winter months, I was out for a run (as you do in freezing temperatures) and stopped here to take a photo (or two before my hands froze!). Whilst doing this, the lights from inside the church were on and there were people singing a hymn. It was a beautiful moment, a memory I will cherish from this part of the world. Nearby is the world’s northernmost sundial.

Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway, Arctic
Svalbard Church – the world’s northernmost
Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway, Arctic
World’s northernmost sundial

For beer lovers a trip to the northernmost brewery in the world is a must. One to tick off the bucket list. Anyone who wants to visit the Svalbard Bryggeri, it is visible that visitors book in advance as they run only three times a week and there is only a certain amount of space on the tour. Located on the main road heading west out of the town towards the airport (and not very far from the ‘Polar Bear’ road sign), the brewery is on the seafront, a beautiful location. Check out my full review here.

Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway, Arctic
A trip to the world’s northernmost brewery

One activity I created is a pub crawl. It’s not often I write about pub crawls or anything to do with alcohol (yeah right!) but whilst in the settlement, I managed to check out the top bars in the settlement and turned it into a pub crawl. Check out my blog post to see how that went. This includes some bars and restaurants in the main part of the settlement as well as having a drink in the World’s Northernmost Hotel, the Radisson Blu Polar Hotel. However this is not the world’s northernmost bar, that title belongs to a bar in a hotel in the Russian settlement of Pyramiden. This is also the setting where Ben Coombes from Plymouth, England drove a TVR from that bar to the southernmost bar in the world via Europe, United States and South America. As I write this, I am currently reading his book about the adventure. Totally recommend it. Check out his adventure here.

Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway, Arctic
Inside one of the few bars in Longyearbyen. Could spend a lot of time in here to be honest…

The Northern Lights, let’s go to the Arctic for the Northern Lights. However whilst I was here in the middle of winter, there was no sign of the Northern Lights. The reason it doesn’t happen as often like places in Mainland Norway, Sweden or Finland is because of the belt in the sky. Svalbard is located north of the Northern Light belt. I would say to my readers that if you are planning a visit here for the Northern Lights, just don’t expect to see them. If you do, then it is an added bonus. Instead I got to enjoy beautiful dark clear skies and got to see the stars in the middle of the day. I just love the polar night here, however it did kind of mess up my body-clock a little bit (like sleeping in till midday and going to sleep around 2am-4am).

Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway, Arctic
Longyearbyen in the Polar Night

In the summer months however, the twenty four hour daylight is also something I wasn’t used to. Trying to get to sleep in the hotel was a bit difficult but when I put a dark sheet over the window to block out the sunlight, sleep got a bit easier.

Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway, Arctic Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway, Arctic
Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway, Arctic Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway, Arctic
Another activity I did but only recommend it if you are fit and able to run in freezing temperatures is going running. In the middle of the winter. On icy roads. Whenever I go to the Arctic, I tend to eat more (and drink a bit as well if my bank account allows me) so I like to keep fit. I would go out for a 5km run every day around the settlement. It is difficult and by the end of the run, my sweat does tend to freeze so once back at the accommodation, the clothes come off quickly. Sounds stupid and insane, but its keeping me fit and I love it.

Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway, Arctic
Outside Svalbard Church whilst on one of my training runs

Even in Longyearbyen, there is some wildlife to check out. I have seen Arctic Foxes run along the streets and on the outskirts some reindeer. Down near the waterfront there is a nesting ground for the Arctic Tun. Just remember to wear a hard hat or grab a stick nearby and keep holding it up. Those birds will dive right at your head and knock you out. This was the first time we encountered them, didn’t know anything about them and we soon learned straight away as soon as we got back to the roadside. Also don’t expect to see polar bears in Longyearbyen, it hasn’t happened in a long time but you never know.

Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway, Arctic
Photo taken in the nesting grounds of Arctic Tun. Make sure you have a stick to hold up in the air.
Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway, Arctic
Arctic Fox and below is a reindeer and an Arctic Tun

Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway, Arctic Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway, Arctic

Fun Facts

By now you gathered that Svalbard is very high up in the world. A lot of the world’s northernmost things/items/crazy stuff are found here. Here are just a few of them (and most of them I have seen, I just love crazy stuff like this!).

Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway, Arctic

World’s northernmost settlement with over 1,000 people is Longyearbyen (over 2,300 people live here on the last stats in 2019) which the settlement also has the world’s northernmost kindergarten, primary, secondary schools and higher education institute – Svalbard university. Also there is the world’s northernmost LTE (Long-term evolution)  cell tower – (something to do with broadband and internet) and don’t forget the world’s northernmost church: Svalbard (Lutheran confirmation).

Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway, Arctic
World’s northernmost church is located in Longyearbyen

In transportation, Longyearbyen has the world’s northernmost bike-sharing system (like those Boris Bikes in London, UK), Bus Station (didn’t see this, I just thought the buses drive around picking up people outside their hotels, probably just a bus stop somewhere in the settlement!), Car Rental, Harbour, Gas Station, Limousine service, Roundabout (spent a lot of time looking for this and couldn’t find a dam roundabout in Longyearbyen!), taxi rank, and airport (with scheduled flights). By the seafront is the world’s northernmost lighthouse.

Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway, Arctic
World’s northernmost gas station

In services and shops, again, Longyearbyen has a lot of the world’s northernmost. There is the bakery, bookshop, call centre, children’s clothing store, cottage (to rent), make up studio, massage, plumbing company, police station, shopping mall, soft serve machine (which makes the soft ice dessert), tourist office, vet, pharmacy, hotel (fully serviced and this would be the Radisson Blu Polar Hotel), airbnb accommodation, toy store, ATM machine, library, bottled water factory, chocolate factory, dentist and hospital. For venturing out there is the world’s northernmost gourmet restaurant, brewery, kebab place, nightclub, and pizzeria.

Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway, Arctic
World’s northernmost bank

World’s northernmost culture stuff: circus (really, I didn’t see a circus anywhere but there is one here!). Also Longyearbyen has the world’s northernmost children’s choir, mens choir, mixed choir, electric organ (located in Svalbard church), cinema, art gallery, photo club, a range of festivals from rock, jazz, blues and even an Oktoberfest. When it comes to sport, Longyearbyen has the world’s northernmost Judo club, Marathon race, ski race, swimming pool and gym.

Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway, Arctic

Now to get even more quirkier (are you keeping up with my guys or am I boring you..???) Longyearbyen has the world’s northernmost newspaper, sauna, wine cellar, mine, radio station and sundial. However I found out Svalbard has had its first ever bank robbery in 2019 (making this the world’s northernmost) which I was shocked to read. If you are interested, you can read this here.

Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway, Arctic

Longyearbyen is an amazing place to come to. I call it the gateway to the Arctic if planning to go to other parts of Svalbard or maybe even the North Pole. It is a great place to educate about the land, the wildlife, the ecosystem. To see the polar sun and the polar night. To learn about the history from the first settlers, the first whalers, the trappers to name a few. I would recommend at least a week up here and get on some of the tours to explore some of the island. I had a great sense that I was far away from home however I wasn’t lonely. The locals up here are very welcoming and willing to answer any questions, give you an insight to life up here. All I say is, book up in advance to get the best deals and make sure you got the right footwear and clothes.

Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway, Arctic

Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway, Arctic
Flying over the west coast of Svalbard, on the approach into Longyearbyen

Please note that while I was not working with the Svalbard tourism or any other companies based in Longyearbyen expect for Svalbard Brewery, the two trips were all paid for by myself. I love Svalbard so much and want to show you the island through my eyes and give you the best advice possible. My reviews and experiences written about in this post are 100% genuine. I value my readers too much to lie to you. My blog would be nothing without you and your continued support!  Svalbard: guide to visiting this Arctic wilderness